Friday, May 31, 2013

What Is The Importance Of Silence?

What Is The Importance Of Silence?

The true silence is the silence between the thoughts and represents the true self, consciousness or the soul. It is a web of energized information ready to take all provided there is a right intent. The process of achieving silence is what meditation is.
Observing silence is another way of getting benefits of meditation. Many yogis in the past have recommended and observed silence now and then. Mahatma Gandhi used to spend one day of each week in silence. He believed that abstaining from speaking brought him inner peace and happiness. All such days he used to communicated with others only by writing on paper.
Hindu principles also talks about a correlation between mauna (silence) and shanty (harmony). Mauna Ekadashi is a ritual followed traditionally in our country. On this day the person is not supposed to speak at all and keep complete silence through out day & night. It gives immense peace to the mind and strength to the body. In Jainism this ritual has a lot of importance. Nimith was a great saint in Jainism who long ago asked all Jains to observe this vrata. Some people recommend that on every ekadashi one should observe silence if not the whole day but for few hours in a day.
Deepak Chopra in his book 7 Laws of Spiritual Success talks in great detail about the importance of observing silence in day today life. He recommends everyone should observe silence for 20 minutes everyday. Silence helps redirecting our imagination towards self from the outer atmosphere. Even Swami Sivananda in his teaches recommend to observe mauna daily for 2 hours for ekadashi, take milk and fruits everyday, study daily one chapter of Bhagwad Gita, do reguarl charity and donate one-tenth of the income in the welfare of the society. Ekadashi is the 11th day of Hindu lunar fortnight. Ekadashi is the day of celebration occurring twice a month, meant for meditation and increasing soul consciousness. Vinoba Bhave was the great sage of our contry who is known for this bhoodaan movement. He was a great advocator and practical preacher of mauna vrata.
Mauna means silence and vrata means bow hence mauna vrata means bow of silence. Mauna was practiced by saints to end enemity and recoup their enemity. Prolonged silence as the form of silence is observed by the rishi munis involved for prolonged periods of silence. Silence is a source of all that exists. Silence is where consciouns dwells. There is no religious tradition which does not talk about silence. It breaks a out world communication and forces a dialogue towards inner communication that one reason why all prayer, meditation and worship or any other practice whether we attune our mains to the spiritual consciousness within are done in silence.  After the death of a person it is a practice to observe silence for two minutes. The immediate benefits is that it saves a tremendous amount of energy.
Silence is cessation of both sensory and mental activity. It is like having a still mind and listening to the inner mind. Behind this screen of our internal dialogue is the silence of spirit. Meditation is the combination of observing silence and the art of observation.

Water Hygiene

Water Hygiene

Safe water is an essential commodity for prevention of most water and food-borne diseases like diarrhea, typhoid and jaundice. These diseases are 100% preventable. All of them can be lethal if not prevented,diagnosed or treated in time.
Transmission of parasitic infections can also occur with contaminated water. Here are a few tips:
i.      Travelers should avoid consuming tap water.
ii.     Avoid ice made from tap water.
iii.    Avoid any food rinsed in tap water.
iv.     Chlorination kills most bacterial and viral pathogens.
v.      Chlorination does not kill giardia cysts.
vi.     Chlorination does not kill amoeba cysts.
vii.    Chlorination does not kill cryptosporidium.
viii.   Boiled water is safe.
ix.     Treated water is safe.
x.      Bottled water is safe.
xi.     Carbonated drinks, wine and drinks made with boiled water are safe.
xii.    Freezing does not kill the organisms that cause diarrhea. Ice in drinks is not safe unless it has been made from adequately boiled or filtered water.
xiii.   Alcohol does not sterilize water or the ice. Mixed drinks may still be contaminated.
xiv.    Hot tea and coffee are the best alternates to boiled water.
xv.     Bottled drinks should be requested without ice and should be drunk from the bottle with a straw rather than with a glass.
xvi.    Boiling water for 3 minutes followed by cooling to room temperature will kill bacterial parasites.
xvii.   Adding two drops of 5% sodium hydrochloride (bleach) to quarter of water (1 liter) will kill most bacteria in 30 minutes.
xviii.  Adding five drops of tincture of iodine to a quarter of water (1 liter) will kill bacteria within 30 minutes.

Wednesday, May 29, 2013

Sewa the best dharma

Sewa the best dharma

Offering help is the best service to the humanity. As per Sikhism, Sewa (unconditional service), Simran (meditation) and Satsang (company of good people) is the trio for acquiring happiness and spiritual health.
In Sikhism, Sewa is the main path for acquiring spiritualism. In Gurudwara, one even offers sewa by cleaning the shoes of others or by cleaning the entry paths to any Gurudwara.
Offering help covers all the paths of being a Satyugi i.e. truthfulness, unconditional hard work, purity of mind and finally, Daya and Daan. When you offer help, you always do it in a positive state of
mind and it involves hard work, mercy and charity.
The five pillars of Jainism are Ahimsa (non-violence in action, speech and thoughts), satya (being synonymous in action, speech and thought), Brahmcharya (disciplined life), Asaseya (non-stealing) and Aparigreha (not storing more than required).
Any offering therefore should be without any reward same in actions, thoughts and speech.
Jainism also prescribes not storing things which are not required and therefore anything more than required can be donated or offered to people in the form of sewa.
All professions which primarily do sewa are given special status in the society. for example, doctors are allowed to prefix ‘Dr.’ in front of their  names and eminent people who offered help to the society are allowed to prefix names like Raja, Deewan, Rai Bahadur, Rotarian, Lion etc.
As per Government policy every PSU has to spend a 2% budget for charity in corporate social responsibility.
Similarly, each one of us should spend 2% of our time, money or assets for charity or community service.
Nursing profession is considered more nobler than medical profession as they provide selfless sewa to the patients.

Is it necessary to take a dip in Ganga to remove your sins?

Is it necessary to take a dip in Ganga to remove your sins?

Ganga, Jamuna and Saraswati, the trio sangam in Allahabad is believed to be the holiest place in the country where if one takes a dip one washes his or her past sins.
After death, ashes are also submerged in Ganga water with an assumption that the past sins will be removed.
In Vedic era what was the intention of the rishis and munis while making this ritual?
In mythology, moon represents cool mind andGangarepresents the positive flow of thoughts. And sea turmoil indicates the disturbed state of mind.
Hanuman ki samudra yatra indicate your meditative journey through the flow of thoughts. Samudra manthan represents the journey of the mind during meditation.
Taking a dip can be equated to shifting your mind towards your consciousness which can happen when you introspect in a relaxed state of mind or when you practice meditation. Meditation is defined as a journey from sympathetic and parasympathetic state of mind or a journey from disturbed state of consciousness to undisturbed state of consciousness.
Every time you meditate, you dip into your consciousness and clean your guilt and negative thoughts. It is something like reformatting your hard disk and removing the bad sectors and viruses in your software.
It is, therefore, possible for you to do Ganga snan (bath) at your house in the morning while meditating or during pooja by drifting away from disturbed state of mind to non disturbed relaxed state of mind clearing your guilt and negative thoughts.

Monday, May 27, 2013

Why you remove shoes before entering temple?

Why you remove shoes before entering temple?

There are etiquettes that when you enter a worship area in all religions, you are required to take off your shoes before you enter any spiritual place. It is better to remove them in your car or a vehicle or give to an authorized shoe keeper otherwise all the time; the shoes will remain in your mind when you are visiting the temple.

The Thai etiquettes involve before you visit a Thai temple, you remove shoes, hats and sun glasses. You also turn off your mobile phones and lower your voice. In our Gurudwaras, you are supposed to remove your shoes and cover your head before you enter the holy place.

A house is also considered a temple, therefore, when you enter your house, you take off your shoes at the gate.

Removing the shoes has both medical and spiritual reasoning. The medical reasoning is that  your shoes invariably carry infections and dirt from outside and can infect both the home and temple atmosphere. It can end up into a disease. In a temple where large number of people visit, it is important to provide a safe and hygienic environment.

Removing shoes also has a spiritual reasoning. In mythology shoes represent your perception towards dirt and dirt in mythology basically means mental dirt. In any Shiv temple, Nandi is always worshipped outside the temple. Nandi represents sexual desires which mean that you should never enter a holy place with sexual desires in. That is the reason why pilgrimage places are never used for honeymoon. Similarly, removing your shoes means that before entering a temple, you take away your negative thoughts. You cannot enter a temple under anger, aggressiveness, cynical behavior or anger or hostile behavior. You are not supposed to abuse inside a temple.

It is said that even if you are angry, the temple atmosphere still makes you calm. Removing your shoes
outside temple means a type of Pratiyahar as mentioned in the Yoga Sutra Patanjali which is start of a new journey by keeping your negative thoughts out and then entering the temple premises with a positive state of mind.

Removing your shoes also makes you bend which also teaches you to remember that to acquire inner happiness, you need to learn to bend first. In a temple, you learn to bend which you do by touching your head on the floor or on the Lotus Feet of the God.

Ideally, you are not only required to remove the shoes but also wash your feet. Washing of feet is essential in Islam which again is both for physical hygiene as well as in Vedic terms washing of feet means removing your mental negativity by starting thinking positive. Here flow of water basically means a continuous flow of positive thoughts. Ganga or any holy water in mythology depicts flow of positive thoughts.

Natural Fast Food is Good for Health

Natural Fast Food is Good for Health

Natural fast food consists of eating fruits, vegetables, milk products, sprouts and sattu. On the contrary, unnatural fast food, also called as junk food, is bad for the heart’s health as it consists of items like refined ‘bad’ carbohydrates and either animal ‘bad’ fat or trans fats.
Sattu is a grounded roasted powder of soaked pulses and cereals. It is consumed along with fruit slices, gur or milk. Green chili, lemon juice and salt can be added to add flavor.
The commonest form of sattu is grounded roasted black gram or chana. Other common variety is grounded roasted black gram with barley.

Originally, sattu was made of seven Anaja (7 cereals, millets and pulses). The seven ingredients are maize and barley (cereals), black gram, pigeon gram or Arhar, green pea, khesari daal and kulath daal (pulses).

Sattu is a high fiber diet with low sugar producing properties. It is a cooling and refreshing fast food with anti diabetic and anti-obesity properties.

It is a full breakfast, mid day or lunch meal and has minerals and vitamins.

Sattu drink can be sweetened by adding gur or honey, sour by adding lemon and salted by adding black or rock salt. Roasting is one of the best forms of cooking. Sattu is both a fast food and a summer fast soft drink but healthy.

The so-called energy drinks available in the market are harmful as they contain three times the caffeine content of coffee or tea.

Sunday, May 26, 2013

Can A Mantra Or Sound Be Used As A Medicine?

Can A Mantra Or Sound Be Used As A Medicine?

The answer is yes. The difference between a Mantra and a sound is that Mantra sound is an energized sound with medicinal values. There are many aspects of Mantra as a sound:
1.      The type of sound matters. It is a well known that chanting of vowel sounds produces interleukin 2 in the body which has the same action as that of aspirin and works like a natural pain killer.
Chanting of nasal consonants produces delta activity in the EEG and has similar action like tranquilizers. Chanting of other consonants has different actions in the body for example chanting of LUM reduces
fear, VUM reduces attachments, RUM reduces doubt, YUM increases love, HUM increases truthfulness and AUM non-judgmental activities.
2.       Mantra sounds can be vibratory or non-vibratory. Vibratory sounds use nasal consonants and vibrate bones starting from mandible, spine, and the automatic plexus lying along the spine. Chanting of nasal consonants leads to parasympathetic state.
3.       Any Mantra chanting associated with reduced respiratory rate leads to parasympathetic state of the body. Ideal is to reduce the respiratory rate to 4 per minute and then continue it for next 20
minutes that means 80 breathes in 20 minutes. This can be done by chanting for exam-le the whole Gayatri mantra in on respiratory cycle.
4.      How does one chant also matters? The yogic way of chanting is when the mind is in mantra or the chanting. This leads to deeper relaxation.
5.        Whether you chant with the understanding the meaning of the Mantra or not also matters? If you do that the chanting benefits will be more. Foreigners do not understand the meaning of Indian Mantras
but yet they get benefits. But if they chant with understanding the meaning of the Mantra, the health benefits will be more.
6.      Chanting a mantra with its meaning in the mind invokes the power of intention. It’s like getting connected to any search engine on the internet and typing your query. Your consciousness in our body is the internet and the intention the search button.
7.       Chanting a mantra with its meaning in the mind also results in emotions and expressions which have an added advantage.
8.       Overtone chanting has additional benefits. The new sound heals not only those who are chanting but also those who are listening and bystanders.
9.      Group chanting is more powerful. If 1% population chants together, rest 99% also gets the benefits.
10.      One can also do distance healing by chanting at a far distance. The only way one can explain this is by understanding consciousness as an internet cum social site model. In this understanding each one of
us has our page in the internet (soul) as well as a page in the cloud internet (spirit). All our pages are connected with every person in this earth through the cloud internet. People can chant at a distance
and their audio file with intent automatically gets posted on their soul internet and the cloud internet. The person for whom we are prayer chanting gets the benefit whenever he is connected to the cloud
internet.
11.     During chanting the mind diverts. Continuously chanting of Mantra for 12 seconds means concentration, 12×12 seconds is contemplation and 144×144 seconds is meditation. So by concentrating on the object of concentration, the mantra, one can avoid diversion of the mind.
12.      The intensity or the loudness of the chanting sound also matter Higher the loudness less will be the effects. Japa meditation involves two hours of Mantra chanting to get the benefit. In a non Japa
meditation, these benefits can be acquired in 20 minutes. Thoughtless chanting is more powerful than verbal Mantra chanting.   Vipasana is chanting without Mantra where you are just aware of the breath and one has to do this type of meditation for hours together to get the benefit.
13.     In Chautha or Teravi (mourning period), we have one hour of sangeet, or chanting of Mantra or prayers. This helps relax the mind, shifts one from sympathetic to parasympathetic mode. In the initial 15 minutes, there is sympathetic over activity and the person is restless.  As the time passes, parasympathetic state takes over and by the time one hour is over, parasympathetic state is at its full blown activity and at that time getting connected to cloud internet is easier.
Full attending for one hour of Chautha ceremony is only for those who are connected to the dead person and want to get distressed. These people have empathy for the diseased person. Those who have sympathy mostly show up before or after the Chautha ceremony to complete their formality.
In Chautha, we say that Bhagwan Uski Aatma Ko Shanti De. God will forgive him only if the soul is under distress which can only happen if there are some non-fulfilled desires and these desires will always
be linked to a particular person. Therefore, only those who have guilt will feel that the diseased person’s soul is not at rest.
In a Chautha ceremony one can only remove this guilt in the parasympathetic phase towards the end of the Chautha ritual and seeks forgive and forgiveness.
14.     In different religions, this has different implications. In Hinduism, we only attend Chautha of whom we know but in Islam people attend the mourning ceremony of people whom they not even know. They believe in mass prayers and pray for the soul of the diseased person. In Islam this mass prayer message gets written on the cloud internet and has mass effect in the community.
In Islam, a person usually says Mein khuda se tumhare liye dua mangunga. It is possible for them as they do Namaz prayer five times in a day and when they ask for Dua for someone they put the intent in the cloud internet which can be retrieved by others.
In Christians, it is different. The dying patients or the relations ask the doctors and others to pray with them and not only for them.

Vaccination for elderly

Vaccination for elderly

The best gift to your grandparents is to get them vaccinated if they have not been vaccinated earlier.
  • Annual influenza or flu vaccine is recommended for all persons aged 6 months and older.
  • Pneumonia vaccine should be given to all adults aged 65 years and older.
  • Tetanus Toxoid should be given to all irrespective of age after every 10 years.
  • A single dose of herpes zoster vaccine is recommended for adults aged 60 years and older regardless whether they have had a previous episode of herpes zoster. The vaccination begins at 60 years of age.
  • Hepatitis B vaccine should be given to all if they have not been vaccinated earlier.
  • All diabetics aged 60 years or older should be vaccinated for hepatitis B. This recommendation is based on increased need for associated blood glucose monitoring in long term care facilities.
  • All patients with chronic liver diseases should also be given the Hepatitis B vaccine.

Saturday, May 25, 2013

2% versus 10% sugar

2% versus 10% sugar


White sugar is a slow poison. In our ancient Indian era, people used to consume either sugarcane juice, jagry or brown sugar (khand). There is no mention of use of refined white sugar. White sugar has high glucose index and is slow poison as over a period of time, it is responsible for high levels of insulin in the blood and subsequently,
insulin resistance.
Traditional soft drinks today have over 10% sugar and sweats have 30-50% sugar. Any sweet has minimum of 30% sugar but if made of chashni (concentrated sugar), the amount of sugar may be upto 50%. WHO recommends 2% of the sugar in oral rehydration solution as treatment of diarrhea and as rehydrating solution. The best way to take a soft drink to dilute it three times with water and soda and make it 2% solution which in a lemonade drink makes it like the ORS.
Both jagry and brown sugar are safe. The classical summer refreshing drinks are lemon, jagry and salt. Similarly, other refreshing drinks are sattu, khas khas, rose petal water etc. which can be made with jagry. Similarly, unripe mango panna or ripe mango shake can also be made using jagry or brown sugar.
A typical Laddu which is offered to God is never made in vanaspati ghee and refined sugar. They used to be made in desi ghee and either unrefined sugar or jagry.
Why Lord Ganesh despite having pot belly obesity ate lots of laddu yet did not suffer from diabetes? If he was offered present day laddu made with refined white sugar, he might have developed diabetes in that era.

How to make bones strong

How to make bones strong


Bones are empty and in a typically adult male, the whole skeleton weighs less than 3 kg. Everyone builds bone up to the age of 30, and then, the process of bone resorption begins. It is, therefore, important for children to build strong bones so that they are not susceptible to fractures when they grow old. Here are some tips:
  • For maximizing big bone mass during the bone forming years, one should live a healthy lifestyle, which includes adequate calcium intake, adequate vitamin D intake, optimal physical activity and avoidance of smoking and alcohol.
  • To prevent subsequent bone loss in adults, one should adopt a similar approach, which includes regular weight-bearing exercise, avoidance of over-smoking and limitation of alcohol to an average of not more than 2 drinks per day.
  • Cigarette smoking is associated with reduced bone mass and increased risk of fractures.
  • Calcium supplements are recommended. The recommended daily intake of calcium for post menopausal females is 1200 mg daily (double diet + supplements).
  • Vitamin D supplementation is recommended if dietary intake is inadequate. In India, the recommendation is 2000 units per day.
  • It is recommended that 40% of the body should be exposed uninterruptedly for 40 minutes to sunlight for 40 days in a year so that the body can form adequate vitamin D.
  • Regarding weight-bearing exercises, the general recommendation is a minimum of 30 minutes of physical activity such brisk walking on most, if not all, days of the week.
  • Heavy alcohol intake predisposes to hip fractures due to osteoporosis.
  • Heavy drinking means more than 14 drinks in a week. One drink is equivalent to 30 ml of whiskey.
  • Many drugs including steroids and antiepileptic drugs can cause bone thinning over a period of time.

Thursday, May 23, 2013

Why do we close our eyes during pooja?

Why do we close our eyes during pooja?


Whenever we pray, think of God, undertake an internal healing procedure like meditation, or even when we make love or kiss someone, we automatically close our eyes. It is a Vedic saying that the soul resides in the heart and all the feelings are felt at the level of heart.

Most learning procedures in meditation involves sitting in an erect posture, closing the eyes, withdrawing from the world and concentrating on the object of concentration. Yoga Sutra of Patanjali describes pratihara (withdrawal of senses) as one of the seven limbs of yoga: Yama, Niyama, Asana, Pranayama, Pratihara, Dharma, Dhyana and Samadhi

After Pranayama, one needs to withdraw from the world and the senses, and then begin dhyana on the object of concentration. The process of pratihara becomes easy and is initiated with the closing of the eyes. The inward journey starts with the detachment of the body from the external world and in yogic language, it is called Kayotsarga, the first step of meditation.
Even when the process of hypnosis is begun, the subject is made to lie down, look at the ceiling and withdraw from the world. The procedure involves asking the person to gently roll up his eyes until he goes into a trance. Rolling of the eyes upwards has the same physiological significance as closing the eyes.
When we close our eyes, there is a suppression of the sympathetic nervous system and activation of parasympathetic nervous system. The blood pressure and pulse rate reduce and skin resistance goes up. A person goes into a progressive phase of internal and muscular relaxation. The inward journey is a journey towards restful alertness where the body is rested yet the consciousness is alert. The intention is to relax the body and then the attention is focused on the object of concentration. Most visualization and meditation techniques involve closing of the eyes.
By detaching from the external stimuli, the activities of the five senses are suppressed and one’s awareness shifts from a disturbed to an undisturbed state of consciousness. This inner journey helps in producing a state of Ritam, Bhara, Pragya where the inner vibrations of the body are in symphony with the vibrations of the nature.

People who visit Vaishno Devi  enter the cave and as soon as they have a darshan of Maa Vaishno Devi, they close their eyes. This is natural and instant. Even though Maa Vaishno Devi cannot be felt in the murti, her presence is felt in the heart and that  can only be felt by closing the eyes.

Most yogic techniques like Shavasana, yoga nidra, body-mind relaxation, progressive muscular relaxation, hypnosis involves closing the eyes in the very first step. A daytime nap is also incomplete without closing the eyes. A ShokSabha or a two minutes’ silence for remembering someone also require the eyes to be closed. When we think of someone or try to remember something, we automatically close the eyes and   explore our memories. To recall something, one has to withdraw from the external world through its five senses.

Only advanced yogis or rishis acquire the power where with open eyes they are in a state of RitamBharaPragya. These yogic powers are acquired by practicing advanced sutra meditation for hours, days and years.  Lord Shiva is often portrayed in a meditative pose sitting on Kailash Parvat with his eyes semi opened. But for ordinary persons like us where the aim is to be in that phase for only twenty minutes twice in a day, the best is to close our eyes as the first step in meditation.

Heart Patients Beware of Summer

Heart Patients Beware of Summer


Dehydration can precipitate heart attack in susceptible individuals. Dehydration can be dangerous in patients with uncontrolled blood pressure or diabetes. In these patients, dehydration can make the blood thicker and precipitate heart attack.
Dehydration is common in summer, and with the rising temperatures, chances of a person developing dehydration increase. A person, therefore, needs to increase fluid intake during summer.
The normal fluid requirement is 30 ml per kg weight, but the same needs to be increased in the summer because of the loss of fluid from sweating. Apart from water, sodium (Na) or salt is also lost.
Walking is a necessity for heart patients and it should be continued even during peak summer but the peak heat periods should be avoided. One can walk early in the morning or late in the evening.

Self-esteem in Mythology

Self-esteem in Mythology


For spirituality, one needs to control two things, firstly, lust and lastly, the ego. In Kaama, Krodha, Lobha, Moha and Ahankara, ego and lust both are slow poisons and do not allow one to be spiritual healthy. There are many examples of how to control ego in mythology. Fundamentally, it is said that one should learn to kill ego of oneself and never hurt the ego of others.
Ego in Ramayana is equated to Ravana and in Krishna’s era toKans.One should learn to kills the ego. In Ramayana, Kumbhkarana is Tamas killed by the self i.e. Rama, Meghnath is Rajas and is killed by the mind i.e. Lakshman and ego, the Ravana, is killed again by self i.e. Rama. In Krishna’sYugaKansis killed by consciousness or Lord Krishna.
 Mythology also teaches us to keep our ego under control.
1. The door of any temple is always low in height so that nobody can enter without bending. Bending is sign of humility. Most temples have caves which have the same significance. Older the temple longer will be the cave and smaller will be the entry gate.
2. Ego in mythology is depicted by Sheshnaaga or Cobra snake with its hood directed inwards indicating keeping your ego under control. The Sheshnaaga over Vishnu when he is resting indicates the same. In Krishna’s birth also, the snake represents controlled ego and protectsKrishnawhen Vasu dev takes him out in the rain.
3.      Lord Shiva is also shown wearing a snake in his neck with hood directed inwards. Shiva is also said to have a blue neck or Neelkanth indicating that to control anger one should neutralize the anger continuously (matted hairs) with cool mind ( Moon) using positive flow of thoughts
(ganga) with ego controlled ( naag)
4. In Hanuman ki Lanka Yatra, Sursa snake is handled by Hanuman with humility. Sursa, the ego, went on increasing in size when Hanuman increases his size.
5.  No Hindu marriage is complete without Varmala which again indicates the need to bow in front of each other.

Preventing heat disorders

Preventing heat disorders


During summer, susceptible children and adolescents can develop heat stroke, which can even lead to death if not identified and treated in time.
  • The heat index is more important than the atmospheric temperature. A 42 degree temperature may feel like 46 degree if the heat index is high.
  • Avoid prolonged exposure to sun when the temperature is high. Use an umbrella if you need to go out.
  • Wear light cotton clothes to avoid heat absorption.
  • Make sure that you are properly hydrated before you step out in the heat. The requirement of water in summer is 500 ml more than that in winter.
  • Summer drinks should be refreshing and cool such as panna, khas khas, rose petal water, lemon water, bel sharbat and sattu sharbat.
  • Any drink with more than 10% sugar becomes a soft drink and so should be avoided. Ideally, the percentage of sugar, jaggery or khand should be 3%, which is the percentage present in oral rehydration drink.
  • You should pass urine at least once in 8 hours. This is a sign of adequate hydration.
  • If you develop heat cramps, drink plenty of lemon water with sugar and salt.
  • Heat exertion presents with fever and sweating. If you develop heat exertion, drink plenty of oral fluids, mixed with water, lemon and sugar. Presence of sweating is good sign.
  • If a person develops high grade fever, i.e. more than 104 degrees Fahrenheit with dry armpits, this is a sign of impending heat stroke, which is a medical emergency. The temperature here may be more than 106 degree Fahrenheit. Fever should be brought down rapidly within minutes to save the life.
  • People, who have been advised to restrict their fluid intake on medical grounds, should discuss their fluid requirement in summer with their doctor.

Tuesday, May 21, 2013

The Very Purpose Of Life Is To Face Sufferings.

The Very Purpose Of Life Is To Face Sufferings.

As per Hinduism, the very fact we are born means that in our last life, we did not get libration or Moksha. It also means that there were some of the sufferings which were left in our last birth. Therefore, the purpose of this birth is to face those sufferings.
 When purpose of our life is to face sufferings, why suffer from them?
This should be considered as ‘sukh’ and not ‘dukh’. As per vedic literature, every diversity is an opportunity to learn or to do something different. The four notable principles of Budha also talk about the same. The first is that suffering exists, second that there is a reason for every suffering and third that it is possible to neutralize the suffering by understanding the 8 paths of cessation of suffering.
Also remember that in every ‘dukh’ you think of ‘sukh’ and in every ‘sukh’ you think of a ‘dukh’. Next time you have a problem, think differently and learn to enjoy them.
One of my industrialist friend was once ordered to go to Tihar Jail on Friday night. He tried his level best and wanted to get admitted in the hospital for the weekend so that he could take the bail on Monday morning. I told him that whether he was in jail or in hospital, it makes no difference as far as his status is concerned. In both the situations, he will be listed as being in the jail on paper. So I told him to go to the jail and enjoy those 48 hours as a holiday. When he came back from the jail, he was a different person and learnt the principle of life which he otherwise could not have learnt.

Five a Day

Five a Day


As per the USDA Food Guide Pyramid, one should take 5–9 servings of fruits and vegetables every day. Fruits and vegetables may help lower the risk of some cancers. Fruits, vegetables and grain products that contain fiber, particularly soluble fiber, may help reduce the risk of coronary heart disease. Fiber–containing grain products, fruits and vegetables may help reduce the risk of some cancers.
 A serving size is:
  • One medium–size fruit
  • 1/2 cup raw, cooked, frozen or canned fruits (in 100% juice) or vegetables
  • 3/4 cup (6 oz.) 100% fruit or vegetable juice
  • 1/2 cup cooked, canned or frozen legumes (beans and peas)
  • 1 cup raw, leafy vegetables
  • 1/4 cup dried fruit
  • 5 servings mean 2 fruits and 3 vegetables; 7 servings mean 3 fruits;4 vegetables and 9 servings mean 4 fruits, 5 vegetables
Carrot, Celery, Cantaloupe, Cucumber and Corn are the five “Cs” which can be incorporated in the ‘five-a-day’ diet.
Tips
  • Snacking on raw vegetables instead of potato chips.
  • Adding fruit to your cereal at breakfast.
  • Using the salad bar when you go out for lunch or to the grocery store.
  • Loading up on juice instead of a usual coffee, tea or soda.
  • Washfruits and vegetables with water and scrub with a dish brush when appropriate: for example, before eating apples, cucumbers, potatoes, or other produce in which the outer skin or peeling is consumed.
  • Throw away the outer leaves of leafy vegetables, such as lettuce and cabbage.
  • Peel and cook when appropriate, although some nutrients and fiber may be lost when produce is peeled.
  • When buying from a salad bar, avoid fruits and vegetables that look brownish, slimy or dried out. These are signs that the product has been held at an improper temperature.
  • Wash cutting boards with hot water, soap and a scrub brush to remove food particles.
  • Wash hands with warm water and soap for at least 20 seconds before and after handling food, especially fresh whole fruits and vegetables and raw meat, poultry and fish. Clean under fingernails, too.
Formula 1: Have a mix of seven colours and six tastes
Formula 2: Try to eat fruits alone and not mix them with any thing.
Formula 3: Vegetables can be mixed with any other food.

Monday, May 20, 2013

What is The significance of Silence?

What is The significance of Silence?

The true silence is the silence between the thoughts and represents the true self, consciousness or the soul. It is a web of energized information ready to take all provided there is a right intent. The process of achieving silence is what meditation is.
Observing silence is another way of getting benefits of meditation. Many yogis in the past have recommended and observed silence now and then. Mahatma Gandhi used to spend one day of each week in silence. He believed that abstaining from speaking brought him inner peace and happiness. All such days he used to communicated with others only by writing on paper.
Hindu principles also talks about a correlation between mauna (silence) and shanty (harmony). Mauna Ekadashi is a ritual followed traditionally in our country. On this day the person is not supposed to speak at all and keep complete silence through out day & night. It gives immense peace to the mind and strength to the body. In Jainism this ritual has a lot of importance. Nimith was a great saint in Jainism who long ago asked all Jains to observe this vrata. Some people recommend that on every ekadashi one should observe silence if not the whole day but for few hours in a day.
Deepak Chopra in his book 7 Laws of Spiritual Success talks in great detail about the importance of observing silence in day today life. He recommends everyone should observe silence for 20 minutes everyday. Silence helps redirecting our imagination towards self from the outer atmosphere. Even Swami Sivananda in his teaches recommend to observe mauna daily for 2 hours for ekadashi, take milk and fruits everyday, study daily one chapter of Bhagwad Gita, do reguarl charity and donate one-tenth of the income in the welfare of the society. Ekadashi is the 11th day of Hindu lunar fortnight. Ekadashi is the day of celebration occurring twice a month, meant for meditation and increasing soul consciousness. Vinoba Bhave was the great sage of our contry who is known for this bhoodaan movement. He was a great advocator and practical preacher of mauna vrata.
Mauna means silence and vrata means bow hence mauna vrata means bow of silence. Mauna was practiced by saints to end enemity and recoup their enemity. Prolonged silence as the form of silence is observed by the rishi munis involved for prolonged periods of silence. Silence is a source of all that exists. Silence is where consciouns dwells. There is no religious tradition which does not talk about silence. It breaks a out world communication and forces a dialogue towards inner communication that one reason why all prayer, meditation and worship or any other practice whether we attune our mains to the spiritual consciousness within are done in silence.  After the death of a person it is a practice to observe silence for two minutes. The immediate benefits is that it saves a tremendous amount of energy.
Silence is cessation of both sensory and mental activity. It is like having a still mind and listening to the inner mind. Behind this screen of our internal dialogue is the silence of spirit. Meditation is the combination of observing silence and the art of observation.

Match and spot fixing in Cricket – Loophole and grey areas

Match and spot fixing in Cricket – Loophole and grey areas


Can betting, spot fixing and match fixing ever vanish from cricket? The answer is no as there are so many loopholes and grey areas.
Here are a few which come to my mind:
  1. If a single ball can fetch 10 lakhs to a bowler in the IPL then the bowler who plays all 16 matches to bowl all 384 balls can be lured to a market worth 38.4 crores. Any player, who is made to feel that his bookie worth is Rs. 38.4 crores, invariably may start looking for avenues where he can earn money and yet not get caught. Even if he accepts one ball per match the additional income will be 1.6 crores.
  2. The present players were caught because they were talking on mobile phones, which a professional and seasoned corrupt cricket player would never do. There are better ways of communicating than a mobile phone including personal meetings. A seasoned corrupt cricket player would not fix a ball or an over by showing signals like wearing towels, moving wrist etc. He would do that in a pre-agreed way without making it necessary to show on the field. Showing of a signal means that multiple parties are involved in the booking at multiple levels and the deal has been fixed at a very lower level of the nexus.
  3. If a player wants to bet one ball per match, which is pre-defined ball, it will be difficult for anyone to catch him. For example, a pace bowler is allowed to bowl a bouncer in an over and if he can communicate to the bookie that the fourth of the over will be a bouncer, it will be difficult for anyone to catch.
  4. How can one catch a corrupt player who is betting on a no ball without a usual bookie? Nobody stops the relative, friends or an acquaintance of a player to bet money on a pre-decided ball without involvement of any bookie. For example, a player himself can bet money on his ball through an acquaintance non bookie.  For example, if the 6th ball is going to be a no ball, you don’t need a bookie for the same. You can bet on your own.
  5. Today, people are talking about betting by a bowler, batsman or other players but nobody talks about betting by an umpire. They are the least paid, lead a non-celebrity lifestyle and are most vulnerable. Giving an ‘out’ as ‘not out’ and a ‘not out’ as ‘out’ can change the perception of the game. Their mistakes are never discussed as being fixed. In my feeling, they are the more vulnerable victims than bowlers and/or the batsmen.
  6. It is scientifically possible to bowl in such a way that the bowler decides that how many runs can go on that ball because bowler is the one who is placing fielding. If his field setting is on the off-side and he bowls on the leg-side, there is every chance that the ball will go for a boundary because of lack of fielders on the leg-side.
  7. If a bowler has betted for a minimum number of runs in an over, one may find a typical pattern of runs being scored in his bowling. He may try to give as many runs in the first three balls so that control lies with him for the subsequent three balls. For example, if he has to give 15 runs in an over, he will try to give 12-14 runs in the first three balls.
  8. More the strategic time out intervals (4 intervals of 180 minutes each) more will be the betting options. In fixed matches each cricketing session between the intervals is vulnerable for betting and fixing. Each session is opened for a number of runs by the bookie. Again in the fixed session one will see many typical patterns
  9. For example, if less than 72 runs are to be given in the first six overs, then the bowler may try to give 60 runs in the first three overs and then restrict next three overs to 10 runs. This is done to lure the customers. In a session of 75 runs if in the first three overs, 60 runs are made, all investors will feel of joining thinking 75 runs session will cross not being aware that the session is fixed and the bowlers will not allow more than 75 runs in the session. The bowlers will make sure that in the subsequent session, they don’t give runs.
  10. The reverse is equally true. The bowlers may give only 10 runs in the first three overs making people believe that the batsman would not be able to make runs in the subsequent three overs also and suddenly you find in the next three overs, batsmen make 65 runs. So it is possible to analyze run patterns in each session to suspect betting or fixing.
  11. In the current IPL, we have seen many tight matches which were won in the last over or the last bowl. If this happens too frequently, there are chances of betting or fixing. Already one IPL match is under scrutiny where one team failed to make 14 runs in 12 balls in the last over which is unusual for any IPL match.
  12. You are caught only if you are intercepted while talking over phone or you talk loose under sting operation or you give anything in writing weather print or electronic mail or you are caught receiving money or are in possession of money. A good seasoned corrupt cricketer will never indulge into it.
  13. Alcoholism and womanizing are both a part of corrupt practices and responsible for leak of information. Under the influence of alcohol one tends to talk loose and leak out the secrets. During loose sex with a casual partner also one tends to open out and speak the secrets. Chanakya Neeti, has been advocating about beware of implanted girls by the interested parties.
  14. As per Chanakya Neeti corrupt people are not supposed to indulge sex with strangers especially under the influence of alcohol. The neeti also teaches not to get intimate with a woman. Most movies show this where chief dacoit does not allow women members I the gang.
  15. Womanizing, alcoholism and corruption go hand in hand. People, for whom corruption is profession, always keep woman and alcohol out of their business and if they womanize, it is not under the influence of alcohol.
  16. For B & C grade heroines, cricket stars are a way of getting easy money. Many bookies will hire them to lure cricketers and try to extract secret information.
  17. Remember Charles Shobraj was a genius; if he had used his intellect as a scientist for the welfare of the society, he would have received Noble Prize by now. Ravana and Kansa were both geniuses. Chanakaya Neeti also says that corrupt practices never last for more than 8 years. Our mythology also shows that you have to pay in this birth or next birth for the results of the corrupt actions. The idea, therefore, should be to use your intellect in such a way that it ends up in the welfare of the society and not earning easy money which may put you behind the bars after some time.
  18. Loopholes are and will be there in the society but one should not get lured by the above loopholes but live an honest life.
  19. Of course there will be circumstances where the bookies will make you commit mistakes by blackmailing or threatening you but these are not common instances. They may plant a call girl in your hotel in the disguise of a room service and later blackmail you. They may even make a MMS or film a short movie.
  20. It is also possible that the IO’s are corrupt. Even if the police intercept that a ball is going to be fixed, who can stop the same policeman from earning money by betting on the same ball. Who stops all the investigating officers instead of arresting the bookie earn money by betting?
  21. Who stops two captains to ask their family members to bet heavy amount of money as to which player is going to bat first. Both of them can fix each other and make money by betting without involving a bookie. The same understanding can be between two managers, coaches, or two owners of the teams.
  22. Who stops any renowned cricketer to bet on his own performance through a non-bookie partner? It is easy for them to multiply money of investors through a non-bookie.
  23. Even the commentators influence the match betting. We can some of the past eminent cricketers giving their opinions as to who will win before and during time outs and that puts innocent people to bet their opinion.

Dr KKAggarwal talks about correct CPR practices- Part 2

Dr KK Aggarwal talks about correct CPR practices

Sunday, May 19, 2013

Loose talks can be dangerous

Loose talks can be dangerous


Once an old man spread rumors that his neighbour was a thief. As a result, the young man was arrested and only months later he was proved innocent. After being released he sued the old man for wrongly accusing him.
In the court, the old man argued that they were just comments and were not intended to harm anyone.
The judge told the old man: “Write all the things you said about him on a piece of paper. Tear the paper on the way home, throw the pieces of paper out. Come tomorrow.”
Next day, the judge asked the old man to go out and gather all the pieces of paper that he had thrown yesterday.
The old man said: “I can’t do that! The wind spread them and I won’t know where to find them.”
The judge then gave a verdict against him and said “The same way your simple loose comments may spread like a wind and destroy the honor of a man. If you can’t speak well of someone better not to say anything”
Hostility and cynical behavior can harm a person. Also if we criticize others its we who end up with loosing respect in the society. If we are wrong we loose our credibility and talked about as liars.
Before speaking anything ask yourself three questions and if answer to any one is no, do not speak
1.  Is it necessary
2.  Is it the truth
3.  Is it kind

Excess Fat around the Waist May Increase Death Risk for Women

Excess Fat around the Waist May Increase Death Risk for Women

There is increasing evidence that excess abdominal fat is a risk factor for long–term conditions like diabetes and heart disease. However, a recent study from Harvard and the National Institutes of Health published in the journal Circulation links abdominal obesity and women’s risk of premature death.
As per the study, women who carry excess fat around their waists are at greater risk of dying early from cancer or heart disease than women with smaller waistlines, even if they were of normal weight.
In the study researchers followed more than 44,000 nurses over the course of 16 years to track their medical history and lifestyle. At the beginning of the study the women were asked to measure their waists and hips. Every two years, the women completed questionnaires about their health, providing information about their age, activity level, smoking status, diet, blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
They examined the cause of death for all women who died over the course of the study. In total, 3,507 deaths occurred. Of these, 1,748 were due to cancer and 751 were due to heart disease. They discovered that women with greater waist circumferences were more likely to die prematurely, particularly from heart disease, when compared to women with smaller waists. For example, women with waist size equal to or greater than 35 inches were approximately twice as likely to die of heart disease as were women with a waist size less than 28 inches, regardless of their body mass index.
Similarly, women with a waist size equal to or greater than 35 inches also were twice as likely to die of cancer as were women with a waist size less than 28 inches. Women who had a greater waist circumference and were also obese were at the greatest risk of premature death. Greater waist circumference is a sign of collecting excess fat around one’s midsection, called abdominal obesity. A healthy waist limit for women is 80 cm and for men is 85 cm. Waist circumference is determined by measuring around the waist at the navel line.

Friday, May 17, 2013

Who is responsible for subordinates’ mistakes?

Who is responsible for subordinates’ mistakes?


As per Medical Council of India Act, doctor in charge of a case is responsible for mistakes of his juniors and staff working under him.
The same is and should be applicable to any other profession. In the recent case of Pawan Bansal where one of his subordinates took a bribe on his name falls under the same category. The very fact that one of his staff  who happens to be his relative also was interacting with railway officers, it only means that railway officers were not given instructions by the Minister that no dealings should be done by his staff members without his knowledge by people who are near-dear to the minister.

I recall, a high court judge who on the day of his appointment called his friends and asked them that if they like to continue friendship with him then they will have to give an undertaking that they will not appear in his court as lawyer. And those who want to continue professional relationship in future will not attend any of his social or private functions and will not even send new year or Diwali greetings to him. He also had a meeting with his family and told everyone categorically that none of them should talk to him about any case till his tenure as high court judge is over.  He also gave instructions to his personal staff in the high court that they will not talk or entertain any work or request, if it comes from any of his friends or family members.

If a relative or a personal staff of any minister approaches to the high up officials of the ministry for any work, unless specifically instructed by the minister, they will presume that they have been approached with the consent of the minister as no one will dare to talk to CMD or a Chairman of a public sector undertaking with following words – “minister desires that the following may be done………………__” .

In this case, if Pawan Bansal is honest and not at mistake, still he has done a mistake of not informing the railway higher officials not to listen to relations or personal staff for works which can end up into corruption.

Porcine Whipworm Ova Safe for Treatment of IBD

Porcine Whipworm Ova Safe for Treatment of IBD


Orally ingested ova of Trichuris suis, the porcine whipworm, has been found to be active in an open-label study of Crohn’s disease, and in a small scale, placebo-controlled trial in patients with ulcerative colitis.
Inflammatory bowel diseases are diseases of the affluent society. Many trials have shown that infection with parasitic worms is protective. Intestinal helminths induce Th2 cytokine release and specifically down regulate Th1 responsiveness
Administering eggs from the porcine whipworm T. suis to patients with Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis is a safe and possibly effective treatment for inflammatory bowel disease according to a report published in the American Journal of Gastroenterology. In the open-label trial, 29 patients with refractory disease, and a Crohn’s disease activity index (CDAI) of 220 to 450, ingested 2,500 T. suis ova in a beverage every three weeks for 24 weeks. By week 12, 22 patients (75.9%) experienced a decrease in CDAI of more than 100 points, or had a CDAI of less than 150. Another 18 patients (62.1%) were in remission. (Four patients withdrew early because of disease activity or pregnancy.) They observed no adverse effects or complications. In the treatment a single dose of 2500 live T. suis eggs are given orally.

Thursday, May 16, 2013

Saade Teen Muhurat

Saade Teen Muhurat


In any Hindu Lunar Calendar year three and half days (sade teen muhurat) are considered highly auspicious as per traditional Vedic astrology followed in North and western parts of India.
On these days there is no need to look for auspicious time. Each second on the day is highly auspicious. The day is chosen for any new or good work without any ritual or asking the priest. The Sun (Surya) and Moon (Chandra) are astrologically believed to be at their most exalted position on the day.
The days are Gudhi Padwa;  Akshay Tritiya;  Vijaya Dashami and Bali Pratipada, a day after Dewali.
  1. Gudhi Padwa:  is also called Chaitra Shukla Pratipada and is the first day of the Shukla Paksha or waxing phase of moon in Chaitra month (March – April). The day is observed as traditional Hindu New Year ( Telgu or Kannad New Year) in North India, Maharashtra,Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.
  2. Akshaya Tritiya is the third day during the Shukla Paksha of Vaishakh month (April – May). The day is also known as Akha Teej and Akhatrij.
  3. Vijaya Dashami is the 10th day of the Shukla Paksha of Ashwin month (September – October)
  4. Half Muhurat is Kartik Shukla Pratipada or a day after Diwali and is the Gujrati New Year. This is the day of beginning of calculation of time as per Vikram Samvat. It is also celebrated as Annakut, Govardhan Puja, Gokrida, Vishwakarma Day (Punjab), Bali Puja or Marga Pali Puja.

India unveils rota virus vaccine

India unveils rota virus vaccine


Indian scientists unveiled an affordable vaccine (a dollar a vaccine) against a deadly diarrhea-causing virus, Rota virus that kills some 100,000 children in India every year. Rotavirus is globally responsible for some 453,000 deaths annually. Rota virus is blamed for causing up to 884,000 hospitalizations a year in India, at a cost to the country of 3.4 billion rupees.
K Vijayaraghavan, Secretary ofIndia’s Department of Biotechnology said it was a product of international cooperation. For the first time Indian scientists have taken a vaccine from the earliest discovery to every stage of development.
The vaccine named Rotavac will be manufactured by Hyderabad-based Bharat Biotech. Each vaccination consists of three doses.
Each dose of licenced vaccines from GlaxoSmithKline and Merck costs around 1,000 rupees.
Dr M K Bhan pioneered the project after local scientists discovered a localized rotavirus 23 years ago in aNew Delhihospital.
This vaccine would prevent 25 percent of all diarrheal admissions. More than 300,000 babies die within 24 hours of being born inIndiaeach year from infections and other preventable causes.
NIH has also congratulated the Program for Appropriate Technology in Health (PATH), Bharat Biotech International, Ltd., and the scientists, government and people ofIndiaon the important results from the ROTAVAC rotavirus vaccine study.
An oral vaccine, Rotavac will be administered to infants in three dose course at the age of  6, 10 and 14 weeks. It will be given along with routine immunizations recommended at these ages.
Why a Rota vaccine?
  1.  Rotavirus is the single most important viral cause of severe gastroenteritis in children.
  2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), theAmericanAcademy of Pediatrics (AAP), theAmericanAcademy of Family Physicians (AAFP), the European Society for Paediatric Infectious Diseases, and the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, recommend universal immunization of infants against rotavirus disease.
  3. The two currently available oral vaccines for the prevention of rotavirus disease are pentavalent human-bovine reassortant rotavirus vaccine (RV5, PRV, RotaTeq) and attenuated human rotavirus vaccine (RV1, HRV, Rotarix). These vaccines have different doses and schedules for administration.
  4. Whenever possible, the rotavirus vaccine series should be completed with the same vaccine product, but vaccination should not be deferred if the product used for previous doses is not known. This problem will not come once the Indian vaccine is available.
  5. Rotavirus vaccine is contraindicated in infants who are allergic to any of the ingredients of the vaccine, those who had an allergic reaction after a previous dose and those with a history of intussusception.
  6. The vaccine should not be administered to infants with immunodeficiency.
  7. RV1 is contraindicated in infants with a history of severe hypersensitivity reaction to latex, but RV5 may be administered to such infants.
Conditions that are precautions for administration of rotavirus vaccine include acute moderate or severe illness, preexisting chronic gastrointestinal disorder, and receipt of blood products.
What is the rotavirus?
  1. When a virus infects the intestines and causes diarrhea and vomiting it is called “viral gastroenteritis.”
  2. Rotavirus is a virus that can infect the intestines and cause diarrhea and vomiting.
  3. In children, rotavirus is the most common cause of viral gastroenteritis.
  4. Children can get a rotavirus infection if they touch an infected person or a surface with the virus on it, and then do not wash their hands or when they eat foods or drink liquids with the virus in them.
  5. If people with a rotavirus infection don’t wash their hands, they can spread it to food or liquid they touch.
  6. Adults can also be infected, but rotavirus infection is much more common in children.
  7. A rotavirus infection commonly causes vomiting, diarrhea that is watery (but not bloody) and fever.
  8. If the child has vomiting or diarrhea, his or her body can lose too much water leading to dehydration.
  9. Symptoms of dehydration can include fewer wet diapers, or dark yellow or brown urine; no tears when a child cries; a dry mouth or cracked lips; eyes that look sunken in the face and a sunken fontanel (a fontanel is a gap between the bones in a baby’s skull).
  10. When babies are dehydrated, the fontanel on the top of their head can look or feel caved in.
  11.  Call your child’s doctor or nurse if your child has any symptoms of dehydration; has diarrhea or vomiting that lasts longer than a few days; vomits up blood, has bloody diarrhea, or has severe belly pain; is passing urine much more than usual; hasn’t had anything to drink in a few hours, or can’t keep fluids down; hasn’t needed to urinate in the past 6 to 8 hours (in older children), or hasn’t had a wet diaper for 4 to 6 hours (in babies and young children)
  12. Most children do not need any treatment, because their symptoms will get better on their own.
  13. It is important to make the child drink enough fluids so that he or she does not get dehydrated. You will know that you are giving your child enough fluids when his or her urine looks pale yellow or clear, or when the baby has a normal amount of wet diapers.
To prevent dehydration
  1. Give your baby or young child an “oral rehydration solution (ORS). You can buy this in a grocery store or pharmacy. If your child is vomiting, you can try to give him or her a few teaspoons of fluid every few minutes. Oral rehydration solution works better than juice, because juice sometimes makes diarrhea worse.
  2. Continue to breastfeed your baby, if he or she is still breastfed.
  3.  Do not give your child medicines to stop diarrhea (anti-diarrhea medicines). These medicines can make the infection last longer.
  4. If the child has a severe infection and gets dehydrated, he or she might need to be treated in the hospital.
Rotavirus infection be prevented
  1. All babies are given a vaccine to prevent the rotavirus infection.
  2.  If your child has a rotavirus infection, you can prevent spreading the infection by: washing your hands with soap after you change your child’s diaper; not changing your child’s diaper near where you prepare food; putting diapers in a sealed bag before you throw them out and cleaning the diaper changing area with alcohol or with a bleach and water mixture.

MTNL Organises Cardiac Resuscitation Camp For Its Employees



 Inaugurating a series of cardiac  resuscitation workshops for employees of Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited, Mr A K Garg, Chairman and Managing Director, MTNL, said that the organization  plans to provide training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation 10 (CPR 10) to all its employees. 

During  its  first session  conducted  in two batches in the Company’s Corporate Office at CGO Complex, New Delhi  where about  800 employees attended,  Shri   Garg said that  CPR 10 can revive a dead person within  the next   ten  crucial minutes. It is effective in all kinds of sudden and unexpected deaths, and more so in  deaths caused due to electric shock and cardiac arrest.  Mr Garg said that  it  is a very  important   for its employees to learn because of the reason that many times they have to work in close proximity with electrical wirings  and  installations in  Exchanges  and at customers premises.

Conducting the practical workshop of CPR 10, Padmashri  & Dr  B.C. Roy National  Awardee Dr. K K Aggarwal, President, Heart Care Foundation of India,  said that one does not need to have a medical degree to learn and practice  CPR 10:  any by-stander can revive a person within ten minutes of a clinical death.  Dr. Aggarwal said that  the Foundation has  named this as “Savitri CPR 10 Mantra”,  and as per this mantra – “within 10 minutes of death (the earlier, the better),  and at least for the next  10 minutes (the longer, the better),   compressing the centre of the chest of the victim with a speed of 10x10 i.e. 100 per minute”  by any by-stander / on-looker can bring back the victim from  the jaws of death, rather than wailing about the misfortune !   Translated to Hindi,  this mantra   is – “marne ke dus minute ke andar, kam se kam dus minute tak 10x10 = 100 prati minute ki gati se, apni chhati peetne ke badle mare hue aadmi ki chhati peeto”.!

Mr Garg also announced that with the assistance of Heart Care Foundation of India, MTNL shall be launching a free  telephone ring  tone  which can be downloaded by subscribers on the phone, that will provide step by step instructions on how to revive a person after sudden death.